This has been on the todolist for a few years, but today I finally got around to building my first drawbot using Arduino. I wanted to make something that was light, minimal and portable, that can be added to any flat surface with a gluegun. I use small steppermotors with bobbins (from eBay) and thread from a sewing machine to lift a coin with a sharpened charcoal-stick though the center, and a solid metal picture frame as a base.
Version 0.1: Drawing spirals
Arduino: Duemilanove arduino board or similar, from eBay.
2 x Stepper motors: 28BYJ48, from eBay
2 x stepper drivers: ULN2003, from eBay
Gondola: Coin with center hole. Charcoal is sharpened and fitted, and fastened with a few dots of glue.
2 x Sewing machine bobbins, from eBay with thread
Charcoal stick, from eBay
Hot glue gun, from eBay
Code (based on this):
By changing the speed and number of steps it draws asymetric paths. 2048 steps = 1 revolution on these stepper motors.
I cut a piece of sponge and used a pipette to add ink while the machine is running.
Version 1.0: Running Polargraph Controller software
The machine is now running the Polargraph firmware, controlled via serial from a Processing app on my laptop. It took a bit of tinkering to get the firmware to run with my steppers and drivers, but once it was up and running it worked pretty well.
Run the machine on grbl firmware and test other controllers.
Testing a variations of pens and paper.
Build more machines! Some of the motives I’m working on takes up to 12 hours to draw, so to increase the learning curve I would love to have at least a few more up and running.
Wire and run one stepper and driver.
BYJ48 stepper motor on Instructables
Code for running two stepper motors in opposite directions
Polargraph Drawing Machine on Instructables
Cardboard project box, spot glued to the back of the frame for easy removal.
Write L, R, U or D in the Serial Monitor to control the motor. (see also: Youtube Tutorial)